Every year, cattle diseases cause the loss of millions of rupees. Aside from death, the main concern is that they cause loss of production. In addition, unhealthy animals require more food and grow at a slower rate than healthy ones. Generally, animals are born disease-free and parasite-free. However, they usually contract these diseases through contact with diseased animals or poor sanitation, care, and management. Cattle can be susceptible to a variety of ailments. So one must be vigilant against them. As a result, knowing the signs and symptoms of cattle diseases is essential to care for your cattle properly.
Suppose you’ve ever been in charge of livestock. In that case, you know how critical it is to recognise livestock illness symptoms and adequately treat the animal once it becomes ill. Let’s take a look at how to identify few common livestock illnesses and treat them.
Keep an eye out for signs of sick cattle
To detect health problems in cattle, it is critical to observe the animals regularly for any changes in attitude or behavioural patterns. Check the following when keeping the cattle:
- Runny nose or having a weepy discharge.
- If the cattle are sick, the muzzle becomes dry. Remember, healthy cattle lick their noses.
- If the cattle do not eat, drink or ruminate properly, they lack appetite.
common cattle diseases
It is also known as tick fever as they are the ones that transmit this disease into your cattle. Babesiosis is one of the most severe hemiparasitic diseases in cattle, causing significant morbidity and mortality. An engorging female tick can pick this infection and pass it to its eggs, which will send it to the animal they feed when turning into a larva.
- High fever
- Dark coloured urine
- Stays away from the herd
Babesiosis treatments in cattle are effective if the disease is detected early. Some severe cases may necessitate blood transfusions and therapy.
Theileria is another tick-borne disease. Cattle become infected with this disease when they contact an infected species of Theileria, a blood-borne parasite. It can cause anaemia in cattle and can be fatal in some cases.
- The whites of eyes turn yellow
- Decrease in milk production
- Loss of appetite
The best way to treat this disease in its early stages is to keep a close eye on your animals. Several drugs have been found effective against the parasite. A veterinary doctor can advise you on the best way to save your herd.
Typically, milk fever is associated with calving. It is not due to a temporary phase in which calcium from the body is not mobilised, causing losses in colostrum synthesis. Milk fever is easy to diagnose because the symptoms are apparent. Three stages have been described. Muscle twitching is expected during the first phase. The cattle cannot stand and is sitting position in the second stage, along with muscle twitching. The animal is discovered lying on its side in the third stage.
- Loss of appetite
- No rise in temperature
The affected cow is given 500 ml of 23% calcium gluconate IV. This may be followed by the administration of two calcium boluses orally.
Make it a point to keep solution packets and injections on hand in case of an emergency. Before injecting into the affected area, all tools and medical supplies must be sterilised. In a case of serious illness, livestoc recommends to consulta veterinary doctor for the right advice
Checking your animals for signs of illness or injury regularly is also an essential part of caring for cattle. Your herd can be healthy and productive if you keep a critical eye on them.